The Heart of Change - Issues on Variation in Hindi
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Pandey, Anil Kumar: How to Determine Grammatical Gender in Hindi, in: Oranskaia, Tatiana and Abbi, Anvita (Eds.): The Heart of Change - Issues on Variation in Hindi, Heidelberg: Heidelberg Asian Studies Publishing, 2022. https://doi.org/10.11588/hasp.919.c12626

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ISBN 978-3-948791-25-4 (PDF)
ISBN 978-3-948791-26-1 (Softcover)

Published 24.08.2022.


Anil Kumar Pandey

How to Determine Grammatical Gender in Hindi

Hindi has two grammatical genders: masculine and feminine. Students of Hindi, especially those who learn it as a second language, have difficulties in determining the nouns’ gender. This creates syntactic problems in constructing and comprehending sentences. Nominal suffixes—both inflexional and derivational—may serve as a criterium in determining the noun gender and thus help to a certain extent to solve this problem. The present article approaches this issue from a pragmatic perspective. It provides a broad overview of the Hindi nominal suffixes to be used by Hindi learners and in the classroom.

Keywords nominal gender, determining the gender, inflexional suffixes, derivational, suffixes, lexical  semantics, learners of Hindi as a second language

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