Bildungspolitik in Afghanistan - eine Zwischenbilanz

  • Jan-Peter Wülbern (Author)

Identifiers (Article)


Between 1960/61 and 1970/71 the Afghan government increased its investment in human resources by raising expenditure for education from 8.5 to 12.5 per cent of the budget. A structural analysis of the development of the educational sector in this decade shows a growing imbalance as a result of an exceedingly fast growth of higher education while primary and secondary (especially vocational) education lagged behind. This imbalance was due to a supply-oriented policy and did not correspond to the manpower demand of the country. The lack of harmonization with the requirements of the labor market is indicated by growing overcapacity, especially in the field of higher education. Until now it mainly appears in terms of disguised unemployment. But if no measures are taken to restrict admission to general lycees and higher educational institutions, Afghanistan, like other developing countries, will soon presumably be confronted with the problem of open unemployment of highly educated people.